Vincent Willem van Gogh was Dutch born artist whose art is best know for its rough beauty, bold colours and honesty. A Dutch Post-Impressionist painter who is one of the leading artists in historical western art. . Van Gogh was mentally ill for most of his lifetime and indeed most of his greatest works were painted while institutionalised but despite this he worked at a greta pace with all of his work completed in ten years. His ability to capture night time imagery of the time and accurately portray light and shadow makes him on of the most powerful artists of 19th century Europe. He is probably most famous for Sunflowers.